Community Forestry (CF) has been initiated and piloted since mid-1990 and has drawn attention and support from many stakeholders including local
authorities, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) and development partners. The Royal Government of Cambodia has developed several policy and legal
frameworks to promote CF management and layout a concrete foundation CF development in order to contribute to rural livelihood improvement
and sustainable forest management. These frameworks included:
National Forestry Programme 2010;
Forestry Laws (promulgated by royal decree No. NS/RKM/0802/016 issued on 31st August 2002);
Sub-Decree on CF Management (issued on 2 December 2003); and
Prakas on CF guidelines (Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Fisheries issued on 21st July 2006).
The Prakas on CF Guidelines provided general guidance for establishment, development, and functioning of CF in Cambodia. This Guideline consist 11 chapters
and 34 articles and 4 annexes including annex 1: template of CFMC By-law; annex 2: template of CF Regulation; annex 3: template of CF Agreement; and annex
4: template of CF Management Plan. The annex 4 consist 3 chapters which are,
Technical guideline to develop CF management plan
Template of CF management plan (content of CF management plan);
Process to review and endorse the CF management plan.
The NFP also set out target for country CF development throughout the 20 years period of 2 million ha (approximately 1,000 CF) by 2029. By 2018, 636 CFs
covering area of 516,817 ha have been established and managed by local communities involving 169,248 families. These CFs are in various stages
of development according to the CF guidelines: 484 CFs covering area of 437,255ha got approval from MAFF on CF potential areas; 439 CFs covering area
of 362,209ha has signed CF agreement with concerned FA cantonment; and 85 CFs management plans covering area of 55,990 ha, in 6 provinces (Kampong
Thom, Kratie, Stung Treng, Kampong Speu, Kampong Chhnang, Pursat and Battambong) were officially approved by FA cantonments. The achievement had
proven of significant progress of CF development and the need for further development to align with Prakas on CF guideline, the compulsory need to align
with CF guideline are include:
CF agreement between the CFMC and chief of FA cantonment
CF management plan approve by FA cantonment and implementing.
As of now there are only 81 CFs out of 414 CFs that signed CF agreement have CF management plan approved by FA cantonment, so there are 333 CFs which
already signed CF agreement needed further support to development CF management plan. The first CF management plan approved was in 2012, the second
approval was in 2014, then from 2015 to 2017, 76 CF management plans were approved (48 CFs in 2015, 22CF in 2016, 6 CFs in 2017). Although the development
of CFMP are follow the annex 4 of Prakas on CF guideline but the content and require data of the approved CFMP vary by province and by year of
the development. Members of NCFPCC through regular quarterly meeting suggested to review and revise the annex 4, especially the requirement of forest
inventory which is cost time consumption, it should conduct forest inventory in the management block that have potential forest to harvest and transect walk
to assess resources if the block is degraded forest need only forest restoration.
In this context, the Department of forest and community forestry of the Forestry Administration through NCFPCC initiates the concept to review and revise
the process of CF management plan development and the annex 4 of Prakas on CF guideline in order to simplify the process and response to the need of CF
development. The NCFPCC secretariat is seeking for independent consultants from Cambodia.